'The Caucasus may be likened to a mighty fortress: Marvelously strong by nature, artificially protected by military works, and defended by a numerous garrison.
Only thoughtless men would attempt to escalade such a stronghold.
A wise commander would [...] advance by sap and mine, and so master the place.'
- Alexi Velyaminov, 19th century Russian general
The end of the 18th century signalled the start of an era in which Russia and other European powers would race to conquer and colonise previously unknown territories. Coinciding with this was the collapse of the Nogais Horde, a regional power by the descendants of the Mongols which traditionally act as the buffer between the Russians in the north and the Caucasians in the south. Both events would serve as the catalysts behind which the two great people were destined to meet.
These garrisons would gradually evolve into the major cities of the North Caucasus today, and they all bear names that explain the intention of their founding: Neotstupny Stan (meaning 'No Retreat'), Burnaya (meaning 'Stormy'), and the most well-known of them all is perhaps Grozny (meaning 'menacing' or 'Terrible'), the capital of Chechnya today. Ossetia's capital Vladikavkaz, its name meaning 'the master of the Caucasus', was one of them too.
* 中文版遊記 請按此 *
I like to travel, and I like to find out about things so I have created this blog to share what I saw on my journeys.
Where am I...?